What is Acne/Acne Scar?

Acne & Pores

01 Acne

Acne is the infection caused by stacked sebum inside the pores. Excessive secretion of sebum in blocked pores will lead to infection and that is called acne.
It is usually formed on sebaceous gland areas such as face, neck, and chest. Treatment method differs depending on the levels of the acne condition.
Beginning level is the acne creation without infection, and severe level is the purulent acne which is the bacterial infection acne with pus and pain.
It is better to get the treatment by the dermatologist to prevent scar and deterioration than touching to squeeze it by one’s self.

Types of Acne

  • Phase 1
    Non-Inflammatory Acne Type

    Blackheads or “opened comedones” are clogged pores that have an open surface. When it is open, it’s filled with sebum and becomes grey or black due to exposure to air. On the other hand, whiteheads or “closed comedones” occur when dead skin cyto, oil and bacteria plug the pores closing the opening. Whiteheads may cause inflamed lesions like pustules and nodules to form Blackheads and whiteheads can be treated without leaving scars if it is not inflamed.

  • Phase 2
    Inflammatory Acne Type

    Prolonged symptoms of blackheads and whiteheads can lead to inflammatory responses, causing redness, swelling, and dehydration of the skin. Bacteria also plays an important role in stimulating inflammation. Red and swollen acne, or purulent, cyst-like acne can be formed depending on the severity of the inflammation. Deliberately popping or squeezing of the acne may cause further infections and skin damage, thus it is important to correctly treat the affected area to prevent scars and lesions.

Acne & Pores

02 Acne Scar

Acne Scar

The biggest problem with acne is the scar. If the scar treatment is being delayed,
it may cause damage to skin tissue due to bacterial infection. Usually the acne scar looks like dug
hole on face which can be divided into 3 types.

Types of Acne Scar

  • Type 1 Type 1

    Puddle shaped scar

  • Type 2 Type 2

    Box shaped scar

  • Type 3 Type 3

    Ice pick shaped scar

The Causes of Acne

The cause of Acne
  1. 1

    Hormones in adolescent period

    During adolescent period, sebum secretion increases with more dead skin cytos which makes the skin easy to form acnes. Approximately, 85% of the teenagers have acne problems but relieves as they become adult.

  2. 2

    Environmental factor

    Acne is also caused by environmental factors such as fine dust, pollution, accumulated waste, wrong use of cosmetics, and exposure to UV rays.

  3. 3

    Other factors

    Drinking alcohol and smoking/ salty, spicy, and oily food/ stress and irregular sleeping pattern/ excessive face wash/habit of squeezing with hands/period or pregnancy of women

What is Pore?

Acne Scar

While it is normal that the pores on the face are inconspicuous except where the beard grow,
but if the sebum in the sebaceous glands at the bottom excessively secretes, the size of pores
become larger. Usually, the pores become larger with active sebum secretion during puberty.
In this case, it is easy for the bacteria and wastes to penetrate which causes skin troubles,
thus it needs to be properly managed.

Types of Pores

  • Type 1 Type 1

    Sebum Pores

  • Type 2 Type 2

    Saggy Pores

  • Type 3 Type 3

    Melasma Pores

The Causes of Pore

The cause of Pore
  1. 1

    Excessive secretion of sebum

    Once puberty starts, the excretion of hormones increase and the sebaceous glands expand, increasing the amount of sebum. Sebum is released through pores, so when there is an excessive amount of sebum, the pore canals naturally become wider.

  2. 2

    Decrease in skin elasticity from aging

    Aging starts in the late 20s and skin elasticity decreases, expanding the pores and making them look wider.

  3. 3

    Skin trouble due to pore problem

    Skin trouble, similar to pimples, destroys collagen and elastin within the skin and damage the healthy skin layer, which consequently expands the pores.

Treatment Methods

Plan the treatment method after accurate diagnosis of acne scar and pores. A complex treatment will be processed depending on the patient’s skin type
for customized treatment. Treatments include injection method, peeling method, laser treatment and medical skin care.

  • Treatment method
  • Treatment method
  1. METHOD 01

    INJECTION TREATMENT

    Acne scar & Pore has different types and injection method will be selected accordingly. The injection treatment can control sebum secretion and infection relief, also makes the scar thinner by supplying nutrients in dermis layer to regenerate collagen and elastin.

  2. METHOD 02

    PEELING TREATMENT

    Acne is the infection caused by stacked sebum inside the pores. When acne is severe, peeling treatment should be applied on infectious inflammatory acnes and periodic care for dead skin cyto removal is necessary to open the pores to cure non-inflammatory acnes.

  3. METHOD 03

    LASER TREATMENT

    The laser can restraint excessive sebum secretion. It helps to regenerate the skin cyto and collagen to relieve the scar from the acne. Also some of the laser can help with the tightening the skin to reduce the size of pores.

  4. METHOD 04

    MEDICAL SKIN CARE

    Periodic scaling treatment is required to control and remove sebum secretion and also to prevent recurrence of acne creation.